註解

[編輯] [清除快取] 模板說明文件

這模板封裝了 <references /> 標籤來顯示 <ref></ref> 標籤所定義的參考資料列表,並使用了一些格式來顯示。它縮小了字形大小並為欄位和群組功能增設選項。參考資料可以定義在條目內文內或參考資料列表內。

<ref></ref><references /> 標籤是 Cite.php MediaWiki 擴展的一部份。


用法

只使用註腳風格的參考資料
== 內容 ==
Lorem ipsum.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

== 參考資料 ==
{{Reflist}}

字形大小

The font size should reduce to 90% for most browsers, but may appear to show at 100% for Internet Explorer and possibly other browsers.[1] Note that there is no consensus that a small font size should always be used for references; when normal-sized font is more appropriate on an article, use <references /> instead.

欄位

Columns are currently supported only by Gecko-based browsers (such as Mozilla Firefox). See below for more information.

Using {{Reflist|2}} will create a two-column reference list, and {{Reflist|3}} will create a three-column list. Three-column lists are inaccessible to users with smaller/laptop monitors and should be avoided.

Using {{Reflist|colwidth=30em}} will allow the browser to automatically choose the number of columns based on the width of the web browser. Choose a column width that is appropriate for the average width of the references on the page.

多次使用

If {{Reflist}} is used multiple times without a parameter, each instance will include all of the previously defined references. To force the parser to close previous references, each use of {{Reflist}} must be forced as a new instance by the use of any parameter. Even a undefined parameter such as {{Reflist|close=1}} will force the references to close.

分組的參考資料

As of June 2008, the footnotes system supports the separation of references into groups. This allows groups for explanatory notes, table references and the like. See Wikipedia:Footnotes#Separating reference lists and explanatory notes.

The general format for the reference tag would be:

<ref group="groupname">

And for the reflist:

{{Reflist|group="groupname"}}
Where groupname would be a group identifier such as "note", "nb" or "label".

列表內定義的參考資料

到 2010 年 7 月 22 日為止,香港網絡大典架設在的 wikia 所使用的維基軟體版本還未支援在 <refereces></refereces> 內撰寫參考資料。

參見:WP:LDR

As of September 2009, references may be defined within {{Reflist}} using "refs" and invoked within the content. There are new error messages associated with this update, documented at Help:Cite errors. As usual, groups can be used. Defined references must be used within the body; unused references will show an error message.

範例

This is reference 1.<ref name="refname1" group="groupname"/>
This is reference 2.<ref name="refname2" group="groupname"/>
This is reference 3.<ref name="refname3" group="groupname"/>

{{Reflist|group="groupname"|refs=
<ref name="refname1" group="groupname">content1</ref>
<ref name="refname2" group="groupname">content2</ref>
<ref name="refname3" group="groupname">content3</ref>
}}

結果

This is reference 1.[groupname 1] This is reference 2.[groupname 2] This is reference 3.[groupname 3]

註解

  1. content1
  2. content2
  3. content3

技術細節

瀏覽器對多欄位的支援度

Multiple columns are generated by using CSS3, which is still in development; thus only browsers that properly support the multi-column property will show multiple columns.[5][6]

This issue has been resolved in Safari 5 and Chrome 5. WebKit support will be returned once the usage reports indication a preponderance of adoption.[8]
  • Opera does not support multiple columns.

支援的 CSS

{{Reflist}} uses a CSS rule in MediaWiki:Common.css to set the font size:

  • .references-small { font-size: 90%;}

These classes are used directly in the template for the columns:

  • .references-column-count
  • .references-column-width

These properties are used in the template:

  • column-count CSS3 standard
  • column-width:auto CSS3 standard
  • -moz-column-count Mozilla CSS extension
  • -moz-column-width Mozilla CSS extension
  • -webkit-column-count Webkit CSS extension (disabled)
  • -webkit-column-width Webkit CSS extension (disabled)

自訂外觀

By editing your CSS, the personal appearance of the reference list can be customized. From Preferences, select the Appearance tab, then on the selected skin select Custom CSS. After editing and saving, follow the instructions at the top of the page to purge. See Wikipedia:Skin#Customisation (advanced users) for more help.

Font size

The font size defaults to 90% of the standard size. To change it, add:

.references-small { font-size: 90%;}

Change 90% to the desired size.

Columns

To disable columns, add:

.references-column-count, .references-column-width {
    column-count:1 !important;
    column-width:auto !important;
    -moz-column-count:1 !important;
    -moz-column-width:auto !important;
    -webkit-column-count:1 !important;
    -webkit-column-width:auto !important;
}

Similarly, to force all reference lists to a number of columns, change the number.

拆疊與捲動

There have been a number of requests to add functionality for a collapsible or scrolling reference list. These requests have not been fulfilled to due to issues with readability, accessibility, and printing. The applicable guidelines are at MOS:SCROLL.

The links between the inline cite and the reference list do not work when the reference list is enclosed in a collapsed box.

模板重定向

另見

參考

參考資料

註解

  1. See User:Edokter/fonttest for a comparison of font sizes for various browsers; see previous discussions on changing the font size to resolve the IE issue.
  2. CSS3 Multi-Column Thriller(2005年十二月30日).於2006年十一月24日查閱.
  3. CSS3 module: Multi-column layoutW3C(2005年十二月15日).於2006年十一月24日查閱.
  4. CSS Compatibility and Internet Explorer: Multi-column Layout.Microsoft Developer Network.Microsoft.於2008年9月15日查閱.
  5. Wikimedia Visitor Log Analysis Report - Browsers e.a(2010年六月1日).
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